Conidia (spores) dimensions 15-25 microns. A common allergen. It is found in plants, soil, grains, textiles, and paper products.
Mold is a kind of fungus that grows on plants and is mostly found in damp musty places such as basements, bathrooms and attics. It is an unsightly fixture in one’s homes. Epicoccum sp is a mold found mostly in plants, grains, soil, textiles, and paper products. These are commonly seen as a secondary invader in plants, often found growing outside in plant litter, decaying plants and damaged plant tissue. These funguses also grow inside on a large number of building materials including but not limited to textiles, papers and insects. Some of these species can often grow on water-damaged building materials, where aureobasidium and cladosporium are present. It is mostly saprophytic or weakly parasitic.
Epicoccum is mostly isolated from air and occasionally develops in house dust. Most medical reports call this fungus as an allergen but not in a high efficiency. This fungus has the ability to grow at 37 c and thus can infect human skin very badly. The modes of dissemination of this fungus are dry spore, wind and spores also released by hygroscopic movement. The conidiophores of Epicoccum are usually short and mostly grouped in clusters. Spores are globose, dark brown and muriform (septa in both directions). Spores are often found on colonies growing in culture as small black dots. The growth of epicoccum sp has many characteristics. It has a rapid growth rate and grows well on cellulose surfaces although sporulation may be strain dependent. Colony colors are often bright and can include yellow, orange, red or brown. They mostly have orange reverse pigment.
The molds found in our home do have an effect on our health as well. It can cause serious hazards to one’s health especially to those people that suffer from allergies and asthma. The epicossum sp also cause some affects to our body. This mold is a potential allergent and may also cause irritation to the body. Some people may experience type I allergies such as hay fever and asthma due to the presence of this mold in their homes. These molds do not cause any serious health concerns to the human bodies. In fact it is generally considered as a human pathogen. Till now there have been no reports of any mold being linked to any animal or human infection. The researches done on this fungus have proved it as well.
The uses of epicoccum sp are many. Antibiotics such as epicorazine A&B, flavipin and indole 2 acetonitrile are produced using this mold. Researchers are on the process of identifying more medicines in which this mold can be successfully used. In fact most of them are of the opinion that this fungus have been not used to its full potential. We use this mold for medicinal purposes but still there have been no industrial uses identified from this mold. This mold can be easily identified via air and direct sampling methods. There is often confusion in many minds whether epicoccum sp is a “black mold” and actually it is not.