This genus contains a variety of organisms that have been isolated from the environment, as well as human skin and mucous membranes.
Candida is a type of fungus that has thread like strands. From the recent studies, it has been found that this particular fungus is present in more than eight percent of the human population. The modern medical technology has found out that there are more than 150 species of Candida fungus present in the atmosphere around us. These fungi normally enter the human body while we eat, and visit places like hospitals. Candida species is usually present in the respiratory tracts, genitourinary tracts and the gastrointestinal tracts of the human body. They are also called as the common commensals that are present in the mucous membranes and skin of a human. In short, commensals are considered as the microorganisms that are present in the human body without creating any harmful effects.
However, there are chances of getting infected if there is an abnormal growth of candida fungi in your body. This kind of infection is called as the candidiasis. People who take antibiotics regularly are more likely to get affected with this infection. Taking antibiotics regularly can damage the good bacteria present in your body, which are essential for fighting against the growth of such fungi. Immuno-compromised patients are also more likely to get affected with candidiasis. Candida Albicans are said to be the most pathogenic species of Candida. They are present in almost sixty percent of the people who are suffering from candidiasis. Medical researches have stated that people can avoid the occurrence of such infections only by following a healthy lifestyle.
Glabarata is another pathogenic candida fungus, which is present in around twenty percent of the people who are suffering from candidiasis. In fact, these two pathogenic fungi are found in more than eighty percent of the candidiasis patients around the globe. Candidiasis is a condition where more than one organ in a human body is infected by any of the pathogenic fungi. From the recent medical surveys, it has been found that the Candida glabarata cases are increasing day by day. Some of the other pathogenic Candida species are Candida parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei, Candida lusitaniae, Candida guilliermondi, Candida kefyr and the Candida dubliniensis. Latest medical technology is doing researches about the different treatments that have to be done in order to avoid such infections. An immediate cure has to be found out, mainly because these infections can cause several diseases ranging from skin infection to extremely dangerous internal disorders.
The doctors find it difficult to find out whether the patient is suffering from candidiasis, as even the blood tests will not show the presence of Candida fungus. In fact, this infection can be only found out from certain symptoms that are shown during the illness. Majority of the people who are suffering from this infection are AIDS patients, Cancer patients, drug addicts, neonates etc. People who have undergone oragan transplantation surgery are also more likely to get affected with this infection. Therefore, the aforementioned information will provide you a proper idea about the candida species and its impact on the human health.